Daar word op die oomblik in die kerk meer gepraat oor self-ontplooiing as oor self-opoffering.-Anon.......As ‘n kerk haar woorde begin devalueer, dan word die kerk ‘n ramp vir die volk. - K Schilder

3/31/2011

Nuwe argeologiese vonds - dalk die grootste sedert die Dooie See rolle!

Seventy metal books found in cave in Jordan could change our view of Biblical history - by Fiona Macrae

For scholars of faith and history, it is a treasure trove too precious for price.
This ancient collection of 70 tiny books, their lead pages bound with wire, could unlock some of the secrets of the earliest days of Christianity.

Academics are divided as to their authenticity but say that if verified, they could prove as pivotal as the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls in 1947.

On pages not much bigger than a credit card, are images, symbols and words that appear to refer to the Messiah and, possibly even, to the Crucifixion and Resurrection.

Adding to the intrigue, many of the books are sealed, prompting academics to speculate they are actually the lost collection of codices mentioned in the Bible’s Book Of Revelation.

The books were discovered five years ago in a cave in a remote part of Jordan to which Christian refugees are known to have fled after the fall of Jerusalem in 70AD. Important documents from the same period have previously been found there.

Initial metallurgical tests indicate that some of the books could date from the first century AD.

This estimate is based on the form of corrosion which has taken place, which experts believe would be impossible to achieve artificially.

If the dating is verified, the books would be among the earliest Christian documents, predating the writings of St Paul.

The prospect that they could contain contemporary accounts of the final years of Jesus’s life has excited scholars – although their enthusiasm is tempered by the fact that experts have previously been fooled by sophisticated fakes.

David Elkington, a British scholar of ancient religious history and archeology, and one of the few to have examined the books, says they could be ‘the major discovery of Christian history’.

‘It is a breathtaking thought that we have held these objects that might have been held by the early saints of the Church,’ he said.

But the mysteries between their ancient pages are not the books’ only riddle. Today, their whereabouts are also something of a mystery. After their discovery by a Jordanian Bedouin, the hoard was subsequently acquired by an Israeli Bedouin, who is said to have illegally smuggled them across the border into Israel, where they remain.

However, the Jordanian Government is now working at the highest levels to repatriate and safeguard the collection. Philip Davies, emeritus professor of biblical studies at Sheffield University, said there was powerful evidence that the books have a Christian origin in plates cast into a picture map of the holy city of Jerusalem.

‘As soon as I saw that, I was dumbstruck,’ he said. ‘That struck me as so obviously a Christian image. There is a cross in the foreground, and behind it is what has to be the tomb [of Jesus], a small building with an opening, and behind that the walls of the city.

‘There are walls depicted on other pages of these books too and they almost certainly refer to Jerusalem. It is a Christian crucifixion taking place outside the city walls.’

The British team leading the work on the discovery fears that the present Israeli ‘keeper’ may be looking to sell some of the books on to the black market, or worse – destroy them.

But the man who holds the books denies the charge and claims they have been in his family for 100 years.
Read more

11 comments:

Yf said...

The first written mention of the codex as a form of book is from Martial … at the end of the century, where he praises its compactness. However the codex never gained much popularity in the pagan Hellenistic world, and only within the Christian community did it gain widespread use. This change happened gradually during the 3rd and 4th centuries,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book

Experts are responding with a mixture of caution, hope, and skepticism to new claims that a recently discovered trove of 70 ancient sealed books may represent some of the earliest Christian documents.

… according to a statement released last week by British Egyptologist David Elkington. Depictions of crosses on the lead-bound leaves, coupled with metallurgical analysis, suggest … that these might be early Christian texts that pre-date even some letters in the New Testament.

Others aren’t so sure. All evidence to date suggests Christians didn’t use the cross as a symbol until the 4th century, according to Hershel Shanks, editor of Biblical Archaeology Review. The use of codices also dates to a later period, he said, and metal analysis has yielded no precise dating in this case.

“We have no fact about these that would indicate that they are Christian and date from this [mid-first century] period, except for some vague metallurgists who say they ‘could,’ ” Mr. Shanks says. “On the contrary, we have a number of things – the cross, the codex, [and other symbols] that counter this claim.”

But “that’s a big if,” says Mr. Evans, a professor of New Testament at Acadia Divinity College in Wolfville, Nova Scotia. At this point, little is known about the content, purpose, or date of the codices. He says he’s hopeful that they’ll shed fresh light on Christian origins, but he’s not confident they will.

“To make claims right now about these being really early – ‘middle of the first century,’ or ‘earliest Christian writings’ – that’s a bit reckless,” Evans says.
Several factors are keeping the codices cloaked in mystery, at least for now. The fact that they’re written in code means scholars will need to crack the code before deciphering what’s said on the lead pages.

http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/2011/0331/Could-new-discovery-trump-Dead-Sea-Scrolls-Scholars-intrigued-but-cautious

Kumran rolle, uit dieselfde periode, is op perkament en papirus geskryf.

Nuwe Testamentiese geskrifte, selfs nie die apokriewe geskrifte, is nooit in kodevorm geskryf nie.

Koper was baie meer geredelik beskikbaar as lood – dit was, na alles, die Brons / Yster Tydperk, nooit die Lood Tydperk nie.
‘n Paar jaar gelede is Hitler se dagboeke ontdek en die egtheid daarvan is deur Der Spiegel aanvaar – maar dit is later bewys dat dit ‘n bedrogspul, ‘n “hoax,” was.

Ek sal nie asem ophou in afwagting oor die bevestiging vir egtheid nie. Wag eers.

Liza said...

Moet jy nou 'n goeie storie met feite staan en beduiwel...

Maar miskien moet hulle vir Dan Brown kontak om die kodes te help ontsyfer...

Yf said...

Gie...gie...gie! Vir joernaliste moet mens maar pasop - hulle het hulle eie idees oor wat "objektiewe waarheid en beriggewing" beteken. Onthou jy nog jou plasing oor die Large Hydron Collider en gravitasiekolke van so 'n 2 jaar gelede? Was dit nie ook op 1 April nie.

Intussen was daar vanoggend 'n berig oor Radiokansel dat die hoofstad van Pta na jhb verskuif met die President se kantoor wat oor Nelson Mandela Plein uitkyk. (Dis in Sandton) Die Uniegebou gaan in 'n inkopiesentrum omskep word. (Dan sal daar sekerlik bietjie meer beweging en aktiwiteit wees!) Ek wonder hoeveel ultra-konserwatiewes wat van die datum vergeet het, het in hulle koffie verstik? Ek sien al hoe marsjeer al daardie waardige omie-portrette by die deure uit!

Die berig sluit af met die versekering dat ons volgende jaar op 1 April op hoogte gehou sal word van moontlike vordering. Dis nou waar die gees van onderskeiding inkom. Gie...gie...gie.

Henrietta said...

Gehoor Sjinese bied R100 milj aan vir Orania ? ;))

Yf said...

Orania het sy eie geldeenheid - hulle sal dit nooit aanvaar nie

Liza said...

Dis nogals 'n 'cool' geldeenheid sien jy kan op die Ora-noot adverteer ook.

Henrietta said...

Die argeologiese fonds het toe 1 April gekheid oorleef: daar was kort berig met dieselfde strekking in Beeld vandag.

Liza said...

Ek belowe ek het dit nie as 'n 'Attie-dag' grap bedoel nie. (Dit was mos hulle dag gewees;))) Trouens eers nadat ek Yf se pos gelees het, het ek besef dis 1 April...

Henrietta said...

Hi Liza, nooit g'n geweet April fool's is "Attie-dag" nie ! So dis nie net die grysheid wat wysheid het nie - hehehe!

Liza said...

What better day could one pick for National Atheists Day than April 1st, April Fools Day? The Bible makes this clear. "The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. They are corrupt, they have done abominable works, there is none that doeth good" (Psalm 14:1). The Bible says that anyone who denies God is a fool!

Nothing in life is more foolish than denying the existence of God, since He has left indisputable proof!
-Grady Scott

:)))

Henrietta said...

Mooi man! Gee die Scott 'n beker EN n spesiale toekenning!